Gotama Buddha stipulated that monks maintain contact with nearby laity. Contact is primarily made through monks making morning rounds for alms (binthabat) or by participating in ceremonies and rituals. Different temples have their own activities, and the laity have varying amounts of access to monks who reside at each one. Higher-ranking monks and those who have passed the highest grade of Pali studies are given stipends by the government’s Department of Religious Affairs. Often those who attain higher rank stop going out on alms rounds, and food is brought to them. Monks and temples receive donations, depending on the devotion of laity or the monks’ attendance at ritually significant ceremonies. On special occasions, temples may make gifts to other monks and temples. An envelope containing an undisclosed gift of cash (monetary dana), which the monk slips into his bag with an appropriate degree of indifference, is usually a part of each ritual ceremony.

 
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